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Modelling the hydrodynamics of offshore sandbanks

Pan, Shunqi, MacDonald, N., Williams, J., O'Connor, B. A., Nicholson, J. and Davies, A. M. 2007. Modelling the hydrodynamics of offshore sandbanks. Continental Shelf Research 27 (9) , pp. 1264-1286. 10.1016/j.csr.2007.01.007

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This paper describes the details of a quasi-three-dimensional model (3DBANK), which has been developed to investigate medium and long-term morphological evolution and development of offshoresandbanks. The model is based on a three-dimensional tidal module using the Galerkin-eigenfunction method, but also includes four sub-modules to compute: the instantaneous bedform characteristics from which the temporal and spatial variations of the shear stresses at the sea bed can be derived; the suspended sediment concentration through the water column; the bed-load and suspended sediment fluxes at a point-in-plan; and the resulting morphological changes, respectively. The model also includes the effects of the wind and waves at the sea surface, as well as the wave–current interaction (WCI), and operates with full hydrodynamic and morphodynamic interaction. The components of the model were tested against laboratory and field data, and the complete model was then applied to Middlekerke Bank off the Flemish coast where extensive field measurements were taken during the European Community (EC) funded Circulation and Sediment Transport Around Banks (CSTAB) Project using various advanced instrumentation including STABLE and HF OSCR. Comparisons of the model results with the field measurements and observations show that the model is capable of reproducing the current and wave-induced bedforms, bed roughness, tidal currents and tidal residuals around the sandbank satisfactorily, and can be used to study the long-term sandbank evolution under various offshore conditions. This paper, however, focuses on the hydrodynamic aspects of the model, while the details of the morphological components will be given in a companion paper.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TC Hydraulic engineering. Ocean engineering
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mathematical modelling; Sandbanks; Bedforms; Bottom friction; Wave–current interaction; Middelkerke Bank
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0278-4343
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 04:22

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