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Price of beer and violence-related injury in England and Wales

Sivarajasingam, Vaseekaran, Matthews, Kent Gerard Patrick and Shepherd, Jonathan Paul 2006. Price of beer and violence-related injury in England and Wales. Injury 37 (5) , pp. 388-394. 10.1016/j.injury.2006.01.035

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Abstract

Objectives Relationships between violence-related injury and potential risk factors in England and Wales were investigated over a five-year period, 1st May 1995 to 30th April 2000. Methods Records from all 10 economic regions of England and Wales relating to price of alcohol, youth real income, wealth, ethnic density, dates of major sporting events and seasonality were studied with reference to violent injury data derived from 58 Emergency Departments (EDs) over the same period. Panel estimation and multi-level modelling was used to evaluate associations between variables. Results Overall, 353,443 violence-related A&E attendances were identified over the five-year period. High regional violence-related injury rates correlated with low real price of alcohol as measured by price of beer. Rates of violence were higher during summer months and on days of major sporting events. Conclusions Risk of injury in violence was closely linked to alcohol price. Beer price rises should therefore reduce violent injury. Injury reduction efforts should be intensified during the summer and on days of major sports events.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Business (Including Economics)
Dentistry
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HF Commerce
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Uncontrolled Keywords: Violence; Alcohol; Seasonality; Injury; Emergency department; Multi-level modelling
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0020-1383
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2019 10:16
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/38374

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