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Improved Measurements of the CMB Power Spectrum with ACBAR

Kuo, C. L., Ade, Peter A. R., Bock, J. J., Bond, J. R., Contaldi, C. R., Daub, M. D., Goldstein, J. H., Holzapfel, W. L., Lange, A. E., Lueker, M., Newcomb, M., Peterson, J. B., Reichardt, C., Ruhl, J., Runyan, M. C. and Staniszweski, Z. 2007. Improved Measurements of the CMB Power Spectrum with ACBAR. Astrophysical Journal 664 (2) , pp. 687-701. 10.1086/518401

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Abstract

We report improved measurements of temperature anisotropies in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation made with the Arcminute Cosmology Bolometer Array Receiver (ACBAR). In this paper, we use a new analysis technique and include 30% more data from the 2001 and 2002 observing seasons than the first release to derive a new set of band-power measurements with significantly smaller uncertainties. The planet-based calibration used previously has been replaced by comparing the flux of RCW 38 as measured by ACBAR and BOOMERANG to transfer the WMAP-based BOOMERANG calibration to ACBAR. The resulting power spectrum is consistent with the theoretical predictions for a spatially flat, dark energy-dominated ΛCDM cosmology, including the effects of gravitational lensing. Despite the exponential damping on small angular scales, the primary CMB fluctuations are detected with a signal-to-noise ratio of greater than 4, up to multipoles of ℓ = 2000. This increase in the precision of the fine-scale CMB power spectrum leads to only a modest decrease in the uncertainties on the parameters of the standard cosmological model. At high angular resolution, secondary anisotropies are predicted to be a significant contribution to the measured anisotropy. A joint analysis of the ACBAR results at 150 GHz and the CBI results at 30 GHz in the multipole range 2000 < ℓ < 3000 shows that the power, reported by CBI in excess of the predicted primary anisotropy, has a frequency spectrum consistent with the thermal Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect and inconsistent with primary CMB. The results reported here are derived from a subset of the total ACBAR data set; the final ACBAR power spectrum at 150 GHz will include 3.7 times more effective integration time and 6.5 times more sky coverage than is used here.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Uncontrolled Keywords: cosmic microwave background; cosmology: observations
Publisher: IOP Science
ISSN: 0004-637X
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 04:33
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/41053

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