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Self-injury in people with intellectual disability and epilepsy: a matched controlled study

Buono, Serafino, Scannella, Fabio, Palmigiano, Maria Bernadette, Elia, Maurizio, Kerr, Michael Patrick and Di Nuovo, Santo 2012. Self-injury in people with intellectual disability and epilepsy: a matched controlled study. Seizure - European Journal of Epilepsy 21 (3) , pp. 160-164. 10.1016/j.seizure.2011.10.008

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Abstract

We aimed to identify the presence of self-injurious behavior in a sample of 158 people with intellectual disability and epilepsy as compared with a control sample consisting of 195 people with intellectual disability without epilepsy. The Italian Scale for the Assessment of self-injurious behaviors was used to describe self-injurious behavior in both groups. The groups were matched for ID degree: mild/moderate (20 and 20 respectively), severe/profound (45 in both samples) and unknown (4 in both samples). Seventy-four percent of the first sample were diagnosed with symptomatic partial epilepsy. The prevalence of self-injurious behaviors was 44% in the group with intellectual disability and epilepsy and 46.5% in the group with intellectual disability without epilepsy (difference not significant). The areas most affected by self-injurious behaviors in both samples were the hands, the mouth and the head. The most frequent types of self-injurious behaviors were self-biting, self-hitting with hands and with objects. Self-injurious behavior is frequently observed in individuals with epilepsy and intellectual disability. Our study does not suggest that the presence of epilepsy is a risk factor for self-injurious behavior in this patient group.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: self-injurious behavior, localization, topography, intellectual disability, epilepsy, seizures
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1059-1311
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 04:34
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/41289

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