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Structural and Photophysical Properties of Coordination Networks Combining [Ru(bipy)(CN)4]2-Anions and Lanthanide(III) Cations: Rates of Photoinduced Ru-to-Lanthanide Energy Transfer and Sensitized Near-Infrared Luminescence

Davies, Graham M., Pope, Simon J. A., Adams, Harry, Faulkner, Stephen and Ward, Michael D. 2005. Structural and Photophysical Properties of Coordination Networks Combining [Ru(bipy)(CN)4]2-Anions and Lanthanide(III) Cations: Rates of Photoinduced Ru-to-Lanthanide Energy Transfer and Sensitized Near-Infrared Luminescence. Inorganic Chemistry 44 (13) , pp. 4656-4665. 10.1021/ic050512k

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Abstract

Co-crystallization of K2[Ru(bipy)(CN)4] with lanthanide(III) salts (Ln = Pr, Nd, Gd, Er, Yb) from aqueous solution affords coordination oligomers and networks in which the [Ru(bipy)(CN)4]2- unit is connected to the lanthanide cation via Ru−CN−Ln bridges. The complexes fall into two structural types:  [{Ru(bipy)(CN)4}2{Ln(H2O)m}{K(H2O)n}]·xH2O (Ln = Pr, Er, Yb; m = 7, 6, 6, respectively), in which two [Ru(bipy)(CN)4]2- units are connected to a single lanthanide ion by single cyanide bridges to give discrete trinuclear fragments, and [{Ru(bipy)(CN)4}3{Ln(H2O)4}2]·xH2O (Ln = Nd, Gd), which contain two-dimensional sheets of interconnected, cyanide-bridged Ru2Ln2 squares. In the Ru−Gd system, the [Ru(bipy)(CN)4]2- unit shows the characteristic intense 3metal-to-ligand charge transfer luminescence at 580 nm with τ = 550 ns; with the other lanthanides, the intensity and lifetime of this luminescence are diminished because of a Ru → Ln photoinduced energy transfer to low-lying emissive states of the lanthanide ions, resulting in sensitized near-infrared luminescence in every case. From the degree of quenching of the Ru-based emission, Ru → Ln energy-transfer rates can be estimated, which are in the order Yb (kEnT ≈ 3 × 106 sec-1, the slowest energy transfer) < Er < Pr < Nd (kEnT ≈ 2 × 108 sec-1, the fastest energy transfer). This order may be rationalized on the basis of the availability of excited f−f levels on the lanthanide ions at energies that overlap with the Ru-based emission spectrum. In every case, the lifetime of the lanthanide-based luminescence is short (tens/hundreds of nanoseconds, instead of the more usual microseconds), even when the water ligands on the lanthanide ions are replaced by D2O to eliminate the quenching effects of OH oscillators; we tentatively ascribe this quenching effect to the cyanide ligands.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Publisher: American Chemical Society
ISSN: 0020-1669
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 04:37
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/41633

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