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Reducing young driver crash casualties in Great Britain - Use of routine police crash data to estimate the potential benefits of graduated driver licensing

Jones, Sarah J., Begg, Dorothy J. and Palmer, Stephen Royston 2013. Reducing young driver crash casualties in Great Britain - Use of routine police crash data to estimate the potential benefits of graduated driver licensing. International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion 20 (4) , pp. 321-330. 10.1080/17457300.2012.726631

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Abstract

Crashes involving young drivers (YD) cause significant morbidity and mortality in Great Britain (GB). Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) is used in some countries to address this. This study assessed potential casualty and cost savings of possible GDL programmes in GB. Police road crash data were analysed to identify YD crashes at night or while carrying passengers. These data were then used to estimate the potential effects of GDL. 314,561 casualties and 3469 fatalities occurred in YD crashes. 25.1% of YD crashes occurred between 9 pm and 6 am and 24.4% occurred with a 15- to 24-year old passenger in the car. A 'strict' form of GDL in GB (night time restriction 9 pm-6 am, no 15-24 year old passengers) with 50% compliance would prevent 114 deaths and 872 serious casualties each year. The estimated value of prevention is £424M pa. A 'less strict' form of GDL (night time restriction 10 pm-5 am, maximum of one 15-19 year old passenger) with 50% compliance would prevent 81 deaths and 538 serious injuries. The estimated value of prevention is £273M pa. Implementing GDL in GB could save significant numbers of lives. Public health organisations have a duty to advocate for such legislation.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Uncontrolled Keywords: young drivers; graduated driver licensing; estimate of potential effect in Great Britain
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISSN: 1745-7300
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 04:38
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/42037

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