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A three-dimensional analysis of the effect of atopy on face shape

Al Ali, Ala, Richmond, Stephen, Popat, Hashmat, Toma, Arshed M., Playle, Rebecca Anne, Pickles, Timothy E., Zhurov, Alexei, Marshall, David, Rosin, Paul L. and Henderson, John 2014. A three-dimensional analysis of the effect of atopy on face shape. European Journal of Orthodontics 36 (5) , pp. 506-511. 10.1093/ejo/cjs107

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Three-dimensional (3D) imaging technology has been widely used to analyse facial morphology and has revealed an influence of some medical conditions on craniofacial growth and morphology. The aim of the study is to investigate whether craniofacial morphology is different in atopic Caucasian children compared with controls. Study design included observational longitudinal cohort study. Atopy was diagnosed via skin-prick tests performed at 7.5 years of age. The cohort was followed to 15 years of age as part of the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). A total of 734 atopic and 2829 controls were identified. 3D laser surface facial scans were obtained at 15 years of age. Twenty-one reproducible facial landmarks (x, y, z co-ordinates) were identified on each facial scan. Inter-landmark distances and average facial shells for atopic and non-atopic children were compared with explore differences in face shape between the groups. Both total anterior face height (pg–g, pg–men) and mid-face height (Is–men, sn–men, n–sn) were longer (0.6 and 0.4mm respectively) in atopic children when compared with non-atopic children. No facial differences were detected in the transverse and antero-posterior relationships. Small but statistically significant differences were detected in the total and mid-face height between atopic and non-atopic children. No differences were detected in the transverse and antero-posterior relationships.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Computer Science & Informatics
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Computer software
R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 0141-5387
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 28 February 2019
Last Modified: 12 May 2019 21:24

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