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The BOOMERanG experiment and the curvature of the universe

Masi, S., De Bernardis, P., De Troia, G., Giacometti, M., Iacoangeli, A., Piacentini, F., Polenta, G., Ade, Peter A. R., Mauskopf, Philip Daniel, Bock, J. J., Bond, J. R., Contaldi, C. R., Pogosyan, D., Prunet, S., Borrill, J., Boscaleri, A., Pascale, E., Coble, K., Farese, P., Montroy, T., Ruhl, J. E., Crill, B. P., Hristov, V. V., Jones, W. C., Lange, A. E., Mason, P., De Gasperis, G., Natoli, P., Ganga, K., Hivon, E., Vittorio, N., Jaffe, A .H., Martinis, L., Scaramuzzi, F., Melchiorri, A., Netterfield, C .B., Pongetti, F. and Romeo, G. 2002. The BOOMERanG experiment and the curvature of the universe. Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics 48 (1) , pp. 243-261. 10.1016/S0146-6410(02)00131-X

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Abstract

We describe the BOOMERanG experiment and its main result, i.e. the measurement of the large scale curvature of the Universe. BOOMERanG is a balloon-borne microwave telescope with sensitive cryogenic detectors. BOOMERanG has measured the angular distribution of the Cosmic Microwave Background on ∼ 3% of the sky, with a resolution of ∼ 10 arcmin and a sensitivity of ∼ 20μK per pixel. The resulting image is dominated by hot and cold spots with rms fluctuations ∼ 80μK and typical size of ∼ 1o. The detailed angular power spectrum of the image features three peaks and two dips at ℓ = (213−13+10), (541−32+20), (845−25+12) and ℓ = (416−12+22), (750−750+20), respectively. Such very characteristic spectrum can be explained assuming that the detected structures are the result of acoustic oscillations in the primeval plasma. In this framework, the measured pattern constrains the density parameter Ω to be 0.85 < Ω < 1.1 (95% confidence interval). Other cosmological parameters, like the spectral index of initial density fluctuations, the density parameter for baryons, dark matter and dark energy, are detected or constrained by the BOOMERanG measurements and by other recent CMB anisotropy experiments. When combined with other cosmological observations, these results depict a new, consistent, cosmological scenario.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0146-6410
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 04:42
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/43143

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