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Ad5:Ad48 hexon hypervariable region substitutions lead to toxicity and increased inflammatory responses following intravenous delivery

Coughlan, Lynda, Bradshaw, Angela C., Parker, Alan L., Robinson, Hollie, White, Katie, Custers, Jerome, Goudsmit, Jaap, Van Roijen, Nico, Barouch, Dan H., Nicklin, Stuart A. and Baker, Andrew H. 2012. Ad5:Ad48 hexon hypervariable region substitutions lead to toxicity and increased inflammatory responses following intravenous delivery. Molecular Therapy 20 (12) , pp. 2268-2281. 10.1038/mt.2012.162

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Abstract

The development of adenoviral vectors for intravascular (i.v.) delivery will require improvements to their in vivo safety and efficacy. The hypervariable regions (HVRs) of the Ad5 hexon are a target for neutralizing antibodies, but also interact with factor X (FX), facilitating hepatocyte transduction. Ad48, a species D adenovirus, does not bind FX and has low seroprevalence. Therefore, it has been suggested that Ad5HVR48(1-7), a hexon-chimeric vector featuring the seven HVRs from Ad48, should display advantageous properties for gene therapy, by evading pre-existing Ad5 immunity and blocking FX interactions. We investigated the in vivo biodistribution of Ad5, Ad5HVR48(1-7), and Ad48 following i.v. delivery. Ad5HVR48(1-7) displayed reduced hepatocyte transduction and accumulation in Kupffer cells (KCs), but triggered a robust proinflammatory response, even at relatively low doses of vector. We detected elevated serum transaminases (48 hours) and increased numbers of periportal CD11b+/Gr-1+ cells in the livers of Ad5HVR48(1-7)-treated animals following i.v., but not intramuscular (i.m.), delivery. In contrast, Ad48 did not elevate transaminases or result in the accumulation of CD11b+/Gr-1+ cells. Collectively, these findings suggest that substantial hexon modifications can lead to unexpected properties which cannot be predicted from parental viruses. Therefore, refined mutations may be preferential for the successful development of targeted vector systems which require i.v. administration.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 1525-0016
Funders: Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC)
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 04:42
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/43282

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