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Strontium isotopes document greater human mobility at the start of the Balkan Neolithic

Boric, Dusan and Price, T. Douglas 2013. Strontium isotopes document greater human mobility at the start of the Balkan Neolithic. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 110 (9) , pp. 3298-3303. 10.1073/pnas.1211474110

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Abstract

Questions about how farming and the Neolithic way of life spread across Europe have been hotly debated topics in archaeology for decades. For a very long time, two models have dominated the discussion: migrations of farming groups from southwestern Asia versus diffusion of domesticates and new ideas through the existing networks of local forager populations. New strontium isotope data from the Danube Gorges in the north-central Balkans, an area characterized by a rich burial record spanning the Mesolithic–Neolithic transition, show a significant increase in nonlocal individuals from ∼6200 calibrated B.C., with several waves of migrants into this region. These results are further enhanced by dietary evidence based on carbon and nitrogen isotopes and an increasingly high chronological resolution obtained on a large sample of directly dated individuals. This dataset provides robust evidence for a brief period of coexistence between indigenous groups and early farmers before farming communities absorbed the foragers completely in the first half of the sixth millennium B.C.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: History, Archaeology and Religion
Subjects: C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CC Archaeology
Uncontrolled Keywords: forager–farmer interaction; isotope analysis; the Balkans Lepenski Vir; southeastern Europe
Publisher: National Academy of Sciences
ISSN: 0027-8424
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2019 02:39
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/43547

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