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Influence of interleukin-8 (IL-8) and IL-8 receptors on the migration of human keratinocytes, the role of PLC-γ and potential clinical implications

Jiang, Wen Guo, Sanders, Andrew James, Ruge, Fiona and Harding, Keith Gordon 2012. Influence of interleukin-8 (IL-8) and IL-8 receptors on the migration of human keratinocytes, the role of PLC-γ and potential clinical implications. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 3 (2) , pp. 231-236. 10.3892/etm.2011.402

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Abstract

Interleukin (IL)-8 is a pro-inflammatory cytokine that has a direct effect on immune cells, including polymorphonuclear cells. Keratinocytes are a rich source of IL-8. However, there is little knowledge on the role of IL-8 in clinical wound healing and the direct biological effect of IL-8 on keratinocytes. In this study, the effect of recombinant human IL-8 (rhIL-8) on migration and adhesion was tested using HaCaT keratinocytes as a cell model. The cell functions were evaluated using impedance cell sensing. The expression of IL-8 receptor (IL-8R) transcripts in human skin and wounds (acute and chronic) was assessed using real-time transcript analysis. rhIL-8 significantly increased the migration of keratinocytes (3.5±0.3 for cells treated with IL-8 vs. 2.7±0.6 for controls; p=0.029). It is interesting to note that treatment of keratinocytes with IL-8 resulted in a marked shift in the responsive frequencies. IL-8 only resulted in a marginal increase in cell adhesion, which was particularly noticeable at high frequencies. The PLC-γ inhibitor completely eradicated the action of IL-8 on the migration of HaCaT cells. Using real time PCR, it was found that chronic wounds had significantly lower levels of the B form of the IL-8R (IL-8RB) (p=0.045) and marginally lower levels of the A form, IL-8RA, in comparison with acute wounds. Therefore, IL-8 has a direct and profound stimulatory effect on the migration of human keratinocytes, which is likely to occur via the PLC-γ pathway. Together with a reduced level of IL-8Rs in difficult-healing wounds, IL-8 has a clear prognostic and therapeutic value in wound healing.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Additional Information: Pdf uploaded in accordance with publisher's policy at http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/1792-0981/ (accessed 20/02/2014).
Publisher: Spandidos
ISSN: 1792-0981
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 04:43
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/43627

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