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Seasonal patterns of shell flux, δ18O and δ13C of small and large 'N. pachyderma(s)' and 'G. bulloides' in the subpolar North Atlantic

Jonkers, Lukas, van Heuven, Steven, Zahn, Rainer and Peeters, Frank J. C. 2013. Seasonal patterns of shell flux, δ18O and δ13C of small and large 'N. pachyderma(s)' and 'G. bulloides' in the subpolar North Atlantic. Paleoceanography 28 (1) , pp. 164-174. 10.1002/palo.20018

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Abstract

[1] Past water column stratification can be assessed through comparison of theδ18O of different planktonic foraminiferal species. The underlying assumption is that different species form their shellssimultaneously, but at different depths in the water column. We evaluate thisassumption using a sediment trap time-series of Neogloboquadrinapachyderma(s) and Globigerina bulloides from the NWNorth Atlantic. We determined fluxes, δ18O and δ13C of shells from two size fractionsto assess size-related effects on shell chemistry and to better constrain the underlying causes of isotopic differences between foraminifera in deep-sea sediments. Our data indicate that in the subpolar North Atlantic differences in the seasonality of the shell flux, and not in depth habitat or test size, determine the interspecies Δδ18O. N. pachyderma(s) preferentially forms from early spring to late summer, whereas the flux ofG. bulloides peaks later in the season and is sustained until autumn.Likewise, seasonality influences large and small specimens differently, with large shells settling earlier in the season. [2] The similarity of the seasonal δ18O patterns between the two species indicatesthat theycalcify in an overlapping depth zone close to the surface. However, their δ13C patterns are markedly different (>1 ‰). Bothspecies have a seasonally variable offset from δ13CDIC that appears to be governed primarily by temperature, with larger offsets associated with higher temperatures. The variable offset from δ13CDIC implies that seasonality of the flux affects the fossil δ13C signal, which has implications for reconstruction of the past oceanic carbon cycle.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Ocean Sciences
Subjects: Q Science > QE Geology
Uncontrolled Keywords: planktonic foraminifera; N. pachyderma; G. bulloides; oxygen isotopes; carbon isotopes; seasonality
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0883-8305
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2016 03:22
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/44089

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