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Structural and functional changes in heparan sulfate proteoglycan expression associated with the myofibroblastic phenotype

Thomas, Gareth John, Clayton, Aled, Thomas, Janet, Davies, Malcolm and Steadman, Robert 2003. Structural and functional changes in heparan sulfate proteoglycan expression associated with the myofibroblastic phenotype. America Journal of Pathology 162 (3) , pp. 977-989.

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Abstract

The principal cells implicated as the source of the extracellular matrix in areas of progressive fibrosis are fibroblasts with the phenotypic appearance of myofibroblasts. This report describes differences in heparan sulfate proteoglycan expression between myofibroblasts and normal fibroblasts, associated with impaired responses to fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2). Although both cell types responded to platelet-derived growth factor, myofibroblasts, unlike fibroblasts, did not proliferate to FGF-2. A response was acquired, however, when myofibroblasts were incubated with FGF-2 in the presence of heparan sulfate (HS) and heparin. Selective digestion with pronase, NaOH/NaBH(4), heparinase I, or low pH nitrous acid showed that each HS-glycosaminoglycan region comprised a pronase-resistant peptide separating two HS chains. The HS-glycosaminoglycan chains from myofibroblasts were larger (K(av), 0.32; molecular weight, 50 kd) than those from fibroblasts (K(av), 0.4; molecular weight, 33 kd), although their disaccharide composition was identical. The chains from myofibroblasts, however, contained three, compared to two, heparinase 1-resistant sequences separated by larger contiguous areas of low sulfation. Furthermore, although there was no difference in FGF-2-binding affinity between the two cell types, the chains secreted by myofibroblasts had twice the binding capacity of those from fibroblasts. Thus, it is likely that the difference in response to FGF-2 is because of a difference in FGF-2 sequestration and receptor interaction with FGF-2-HS complexes. A comparative investigation into HS fine structure is being undertaken to examine these findings in more detail.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
ISSN: 00029440
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 01:33
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/441

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