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Type-1 fimbriate escherichia-coli stimulates a unique pattern of de-granulation by human polymorphonuclear leukocytes

Steadman, Robert, Topley, Nicholas, Jenner, D. E., Davies, M. and Williams, John David 1988. Type-1 fimbriate escherichia-coli stimulates a unique pattern of de-granulation by human polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Infection and Immunity 56 (4) , pp. 815-822.

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Abstract

Uropathogenic strains of Escherichia coli bearing mannose-sensitive (type 1) fimbriae promote a unique pattern of degranulation from human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN). Significant quantities of the primary (1 degree) and tertiary (3 degree) granule markers, neutral protease-myeloperoxidase and N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase, respectively, were released by PMN in a dose- and time-dependent manner when stimulated by these defined bacterial strains. Organisms bearing mannose-resistant (P) fimbriae promoted release of only the secondary (2 degree) granule marker, vitamin B12-binding protein. When this pattern of degranulation was compared to that produced by PMN in response to a variety of soluble and particulate stimuli, only the calcium ionophore A23187 similarly triggered 1 degree and 3 degree granule marker release. All the other stimuli tested--zymosan, serum-treated and unopsonized; n-formylmethionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine; and phorbol myristate acetate--promoted release of only the 2 degree granule marker. These results demonstrate selectivity of PMN degranulation in response to a number of transmembrane signals. In addition, the capacity of E. coli to promote PMN degranulation is dependent on its phenotypic fimbrial expression, a surface characteristic which correlates significantly with its relative surface hydrophobicity as measured by binding to octyl Sepharose. Those bacteria demonstrating the greatest hydrophobicity were capable of triggering discharge of all three granule marker proteins. Thus, the mannose-sensitive fimbriae of uropathogenic E. coli may contribute significantly to their potential pathophysiologic role in renal scarring.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR180 Immunology
Additional Information: Pdf uploaded in accordance with publisher's policy at http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/0019-9567/ (accessed 24/02/2014)
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
ISSN: 0019-9567
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2017 03:01
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/45507

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