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Specialist clinics for reducing emergency admissions in patients with heart failure: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials

Thomas, Rebecca Louise, Huntley, Alyson, Mann, Mala K., Huws, Dyfed Wyn, Paranjothy, Shantini, Elwyn, Glyn and Purdy, Sarah 2013. Specialist clinics for reducing emergency admissions in patients with heart failure: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Heart 99 (4) , pp. 233-239. 10.1136/heartjnl-2012-302313

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Abstract

Unplanned admissions for heart failure are common and some are considered preventable. Objective: Undertake a systematic literature review and meta-analysis to evaluate the effectiveness of specialist clinics in reducing unplanned hospital admissions in people with heart failure. Data sources: 18 databases were searched from inception to June 2010. Relevant websites and reference lists of included studies were checked for additional publications. Study selection: Randomised controlled trials in Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries that evaluated the effectiveness of specialist clinic interventions for heart failure compared with usual care, where unplanned heart failure admissions or readmissions were an outcome. Data extraction: Data were extracted by one reviewer and checked by a second reviewer. Results: 10 of 17 randomised controlled trials met the inclusion criteria. Specialist clinics showed a reduction in unplanned admissions at 12 months (pooled risk ratio (RR) for five studies 0.51 (95% CI 0.33 to 0.76); absolute risk reduction 16 per 100 (95% CI 12 to 20)). Studies with initial frequent (weekly/fortnightly) appointments reducing in frequency over the study duration demonstrated a 58% RR reduction in unplanned admissions (pooled RR for three studies 0.42 (95% CI 0.27 to 0.65); absolute risk reduction 14 per 100 (95% CI 7 to 20)). Clinics conducted on a monthly or 3 monthly basis throughout or tailored to the individual patients did not show an effect. Conclusions: Specialist clinics for patients with heart failure can reduce the risk of unplanned admissions; these were most effective when there was a high intensity of clinic appointments close to the time of discharge which then reduced over the follow-up period.

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group
ISSN: 1355-6037
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2019 03:29
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/46421

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