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Refractive errors in young children with Down Syndrome

Woodhouse, Joy Margaret, Pakeman, Valerie, Cregg, Mary, Saunders, Kathryn, Parker, Margaret, Fraser, William, Sastry, Prema and Lobo, Sandra 1997. Refractive errors in young children with Down Syndrome. Optometry and Vision Science 74 (10) , pp. 844-851.

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Abstract

Significant refractive errors are common among older children and adults with Down syndrome. We examined infants and children with Down syndrome to determine the prevalence of these errors at younger ages. Noncycloplegic retinoscopy was used to determine the refractive state of 92 infants and children with Down syndrome, aged 4 months to 12 years. The results for infants show a similar distribution of refractive errors in patients with Down syndrome and an age-matched control group. However, rather than a narrower distribution for the older age groups, as is the case with the controls, the distribution is wider, and the prevalence of refractive errors (including astigmatism) is higher among young children with Down syndrome than among controls. This high prevalence of refractive defects cannot be explained by the presence of strabismus or other pathologies.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Optometry and Vision Sciences
Subjects: R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
Publisher: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
ISSN: 1040-5488
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 04:59
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/47276

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