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Optical and infrared investigation toward the z = 3.8 quasar pair PC 1643+4631A,B

Saunders, Richard, Baker, Joanne C., Bremer, Malcolm N., Bunker, Andrew J., Cotter, Garret, Eales, Stephen Anthony, Grainge, Keith, Haynes, Toby, Jones, Michael E., Lacy, Mark, Pooley, Guy and Rawlings, Steve 1997. Optical and infrared investigation toward the z = 3.8 quasar pair PC 1643+4631A,B. Astrophysical Journal Letters 479 (1) , L5-L8. 10.1086/310565

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Abstract

In a companion Letter, Jones et al. report the discovery of a cosmic microwave background decrement, indicative of a distant cluster with mass ~1015 M☉, toward the quasar pair PC 1643+4631A, B (z = 3.79, 3.83, separation 198''). To search for the cluster responsible, we have obtained R-, J-, and K-band images of the field and have also carried out optical spectroscopy of selected objects in it. No such cluster is evident in these images. Assuming that the cluster causing the decrement is similar to massive clusters already known, our magnitude limits imply that it must lie at about or beyond z = 1. This provides independent support for the X-ray-based distance argument of Jones et al. The cluster must gravitationally lens objects behind it; for a cluster z around 1-2, the Einstein ring radius for sources at z ≈ 3.8 is ~100''. Simple modeling, producing simultaneously the Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect and the lensing, shows that the source positions of quasars A and B lie within ~10'' of each other and may indeed be coincident. The two quasar spectra are found to be remarkably similar apart from their 1% redshift difference. Assuming that A and B are images of a single quasar, we present a possible explanation of this difference.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Publisher: IOP Publishing
ISSN: 0004-637X
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 05:00
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/47328

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