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Towards the real green revolution? Exploring the conceptual dimensions of a new ecological modernisation of agriculture that could ‘feed the world'

Horlings, L. G. and Marsden, Terry Keith 2011. Towards the real green revolution? Exploring the conceptual dimensions of a new ecological modernisation of agriculture that could ‘feed the world'. Global Environmental Change 21 (2) , pp. 441-452. 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2011.01.004

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Abstract

The challenge to produce enough food is more urgent than ever. We argue that the dominant food regime has responded to this challenge by a ‘narrow’ ecological modernisation process within agriculture which may decrease environmental effects to a certain extent, but also causes new negative side-effects and exposes some important missing links. In this paper we explore what might be a ‘real’ ecological modernisation process, including social, cultural, spatial and political aspects. The central question concerns: is there evidence in practice that agro-ecological approaches can contribute to the future demand for food production, especially in developing countries? We illustrate this by describing examples from Africa, Brazil and China, showing a rich variety of such approaches in agricultural practices. Our conclusion is that agro-ecological approaches could significantly contribute to ‘feeding the world’, and thereby contribute to a ‘real green revolution’; but that this requires a more radical move towards a new type of regionally embedded agri-food eco-economy. This is one which includes re-thinking market mechanisms and organisations, an altered institutional context, and is interwoven with active farmers and consumers’ participation. It also requires a re-direction of science investments to take account of translating often isolated cases of good practice into mainstream agri-food movements.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Geography and Planning (CPLAN)
Sustainable Places Research Institute (PLACES)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0959-3780
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 05:03
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/47833

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