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Judgements about the relation between force and trajectory variables in verbally described ballistic projectile motion

White, Peter Anthony 2013. Judgements about the relation between force and trajectory variables in verbally described ballistic projectile motion. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 66 (5) , pp. 876-894. 10.1080/17470218.2012.721790

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Abstract

How accurate are explicit judgements about familiar forms of object motion, and how are they made? Participants judged the relations between force exerted in kicking a soccer ball and variables that define the trajectory of the ball: launch angle, maximum height attained, and maximum distance reached. Judgements tended to conform to a simple heuristic that judged force tends to increase as maximum height and maximum distance increase, with launch angle not being influential. Support was also found for the converse prediction, that judged maximum height and distance tend to increase as the amount of force described in the kick increases. The observed judgemental tendencies did not resemble the objective relations, in which force is a function of interactions between the trajectory variables. This adds to a body of research indicating that practical knowledge based on experiences of actions on objects is not available to the processes that generate judgements in higher cognition and that such judgements are generated by simple rules that do not capture the objective interactions between the physical variables.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Force judgement, Naive theories of object motion, Impetus theory
Publisher: Routledge
ISSN: 1747-0218
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 05:04
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/48186

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