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School-related predictors of smoking, drinking and drug use: Evidence from the Belfast Youth Development Study

Perra, Oliver, Fletcher, Adam, Bonell, Chris, Higgins, Kathryn and McCrystal, Patrick 2012. School-related predictors of smoking, drinking and drug use: Evidence from the Belfast Youth Development Study. Journal of Adolescence 35 (2) , pp. 315-324. 10.1016/j.adolescence.2011.08.009

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Abstract

Objective: To examine whether students’ school engagement, relationships with teachers, educational aspirations and involvement in fights at school are associated with various measures of subsequent substance use. Methods: Data were drawn from the Belfast Youth Development Study (n = 2968). Multivariate logistic models examined associations between school-related factors (age 13/14) and substance use (age 15/16). Results: The two factors which were consistently and independently associated with regular substance use among both males and females were student–teacher relationships and fighting at school: positive teacher-relationships reduced the risk of daily smoking by 48%, weekly drunkenness by 25%, and weekly cannabis use by 52%; being in a fight increased the risk of daily smoking by 54%, weekly drunkenness by 31%, and weekly cannabis use by 43%. School disengagement increased the likelihood of smoking and cannabis use among females only. Conclusion: Further research should focus on public health interventions promoting positive relationships and safety at school.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Social Sciences (Includes Criminology and Education)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
Uncontrolled Keywords: Schools; Smoking; Alcohol; Drug use; Gender
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0140-1971
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2019 01:57
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/48740

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