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Isolation and characterization of exosomes from cell culture supernatants and biological fluids

Théry, Clotilde, Amigorena, Sebastian, Raposo, Graça and Clayton, Aled 2006. Isolation and characterization of exosomes from cell culture supernatants and biological fluids. Current Protocols in Cell Biology , Unit 322. 10.1002/0471143030.cb0322s30

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Abstract

Exosomes are small membrane vesicles found in cell culture supernatants and in different biological fluids. Exosomes form in a particular population of endosomes, called multivesicular bodies (MVBs), by inward budding into the lumen of the compartment. Upon fusion of MVBs with the plasma membrane, these internal vesicles are secreted. Exosomes possess a defined set of membrane and cytosolic proteins. The physiological function of exosomes is still a matter of debate, but increasing results in various experimental systems suggest their involvement in multiple biological processes. Because both cell-culture supernatants and biological fluids contain different types of lipid membranes, it is critical to perform high-quality exosome purification. This unit describes different approaches for exosome purification from various sources, and discusses methods to evaluate the purity and homogeneity of the purified exosome preparations.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
Uncontrolled Keywords: Exosomes; multivesicular bodies; purification; characterization; exosome markers; immunoblot; sucrose gradient; immunoisolation; electron microscopy; immunogold labeling
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 05:15
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/50139

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