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Effects of bioactive glass and beta-TCP containing three-dimensional laser sintered polyetheretherketone composites on osteoblasts in vitro

von Wilmowsky, Cornelius, Vairaktaris, Eleftherios, Pohle, Dirk, Rechtenwald, Thomas, Lutz, Rainer, Munstedt, Helmut, Koller, Garrit, Schmidt, M., Neukam, Freidrich Wilhelm, Schlegel, Karl Andreas and Nkenke, Emeka 2008. Effects of bioactive glass and beta-TCP containing three-dimensional laser sintered polyetheretherketone composites on osteoblasts in vitro. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A 87A (4) , pp. 896-902. 10.1002/jbm.a.31822

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Abstract

Because of their excellent physical properties nonresorbable thermoplastic polymers have become more important for the field of reconstructive surgery. Aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of laser sintered polyetheretherketone (PEEK) with incorporated osteoconductive and bioactive bone substitution materials on osteoblasts in vitro. Human osteoblasts (hFOB 1.19) were seeded onto laser sintered PEEK samples containing nano-sized carbon black, b-tricalciumphosphate (b-TCP), and bioactive glass 45S5. Osteoblasts were investigated for cell viability, cell proliferation and cell morphology. A constant proliferation of osteoblasts could be observed on all samples with the highest values for bioactive glass containing samples at day 7 (OD 1.76 6 0.22) and day 14 (OD 3.75 6 0.31) and lowest values for b-TCP containing probes throughout the study compared with the PEEK pure control group. Highest cell viability was observed for Bioglass containing probes (95.5 6 3.32)% whereas osteoblasts seeded on b-TCP containing probes showed reduced viability (84.4 6 4.32)%. Laser sintered PEEK implants seem to be attractive candidates for use as bone substitutes for reconstructive surgery because of their biocompatibility, individual shape, and the possibility of compounding bioinert polymer powder with osteoconductive and bioactive materials which might benefit bone formation in vivo.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Postgraduate Medical and Dental Education
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISSN: 1549-3296
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2016 23:24
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/50520

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