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Local to regional scale structural controls on mineralisation and the importance of a major lineament in the eastern Mount Isa Inlier, Australia: Review and analysis with autocorrelation and weights of evidence

Austin, J. R. and Blenkinsop, Thomas G., 2009. Local to regional scale structural controls on mineralisation and the importance of a major lineament in the eastern Mount Isa Inlier, Australia: Review and analysis with autocorrelation and weights of evidence. Ore Geology Reviews 35 (3-4) , pp. 298-316. 10.1016/j.oregeorev.2009.03.004

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Abstract

Although major crustal lineaments may play an important role in mineralisation, the relationship between lineaments andmineral deposits can be quite cryptic, and structural controlsmay vary as a function of scale along lineaments.Major lineaments alonemay be of limited use fordetailed target generation. The Cloncurry Lineament in the Eastern part of the Mount Isa Inlier is a crustal scale structure defined by potential field-derived ‘worms’. Weights-of-evidence quantifies the association betweenmineral occurrences and this lineament.Autocorrelation is used to recognise structural controls onmineralisation at different scales, by progressively limiting the lengths of the vectors between mineral occurrence points in the autocorrelation plot. The weights-of-evidence analysis shows that Au, Au–Cu, Cu–Au and Cu deposits have a positive spatial correlation to the Cloncurry Lineament, which suggests it that acted as a primary crustal scale control on the localisation of Cu and Au through focussing mineralisation systems on a broad scale. However, autocorrelation defines a variety of local structural controls, which can be interpreted as shear zones, variably oriented fault sets, en echelon fault arrays, and potentially the orientation of bedding and/or iron formationswhich localise fluid flowandmineral deposition at finer scales. The results suggest that major lineaments defined by geophysical contrasts can be used in conjunction with techniques of spatial analysis for targeting structurally controlled mineralisation in areas under thin cover adjacent to mineralised terrains such as the Mt Isa Inlier.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Ocean Sciences
Subjects: Q Science > QE Geology
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0169-1368
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 05:18
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/50628

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