Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Optimization of dietary folate or low-dose folic acid supplements lower homocysteine but do not enhance endothelial function in healthy adults, irrespective of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (C677T) genotype

Pullin, Catherine H., Ashfield-Watt, Pauline Annie Lorraine, Burr, Michael Leslie, Clark, Zoe Elizabeth, Lewis, Malcolm John, Moat, Stuart James, Newcombe, Robert Gordon, Powers, Hilary J., Whiting, Jenny M. and McDowell, Ian Frederick 2001. Optimization of dietary folate or low-dose folic acid supplements lower homocysteine but do not enhance endothelial function in healthy adults, irrespective of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (C677T) genotype. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 38 (7) , pp. 1799-1805. 10.1016/S0735-1097(01)01668-0

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES We sought to study the effect of low-dose folic acid supplementation or optimization of dietary folate intake on plasma homocysteine and endothelial function in healthy adults. BACKGROUND Elevated homocysteine is associated with cardiovascular disease, but it is not known whether this relationship is causal. Individuals homozygous (TT) for the C677T mutation in the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene (12% of the population) have increased homocysteine levels, particularly in association with suboptimal folate intake. METHODS Healthy subjects (n = 126; 42 of each MTHFR genotype) were included in this cross-over study of three interventions of four months each: 1) placebo plus natural diet; 2) daily 400-?g folic acid supplement plus natural diet; and 3) increased dietary folate intake to 400 ?g/day. RESULTS At baseline, homocysteine was inversely related to plasma folate and was higher in TT homozygotes. For the whole group, plasma folate increased by 46% after dietary folate and by 79% after supplementation, with reductions of homocysteine of 14% and 16%, respectively. Within the genotype, TT homozygotes exhibited the most marked changes in these variables. Brachial artery endothelial function, as determined by a change in end-diastolic diameter in response to increased flow, was not changed by increased folate intake (98

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Pharmacy
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
ISSN: 0735-1097
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2017 01:30
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/51

Citation Data

Cited 59 times in Google Scholar. View in Google Scholar

Cited 52 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item