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Differentiation specific functions in cultured and transplanted mouse keratinocytes: environmental influences on ultrastructure and keratin expression

Beitkreutz, Dirk, Bohnert, Axel, Herzmann, Erika, Bowden, Paul Edward, Boukamp, Petra and Fusenig, Norbert E. 1984. Differentiation specific functions in cultured and transplanted mouse keratinocytes: environmental influences on ultrastructure and keratin expression. Differentiation 26 (1-3) , pp. 154-169. 10.1111/j.1432-0436.1984.tb01389.x

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Keratinocytes from neonatal mouse back skin, growing in primary culture (PEC) under conventional conditions (immersed), exerted a reduced programme of differentiation as indicated by cell morphology and organisation, ultrastructure and keratin composition. Four major keratins were found in cytoskeletal extracts (mol.wt. 60K, 59K, 53K, 49K) of primary cultures, together with a minor 51K protein and some residual actin. This "culture-type" keratin profile remained stable and little variation was observed after repeated treatment with various agents, such as 12-0-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), retinoic acid (RA) or dimethylsulphoxide (DMSO). The profile was unaltered by long-term growth of primary cultures in low Ca2+ (0.1 mM) medium or on 3T3 feeder-layers. Nevertheless, TPA, RA and low Ca2+ did alter the morphology and filament architecture (as observed by indirect immunofluorescence microscopy with anti-keratin antibodies). Comparison of keratinocytes from primary culture with basal cells isolated from epidermis revealed similarities in electrophoretic profile, with the 60K and 53K keratins being common to both. The other in vivo keratins had a characteristic spatial distribution; 67K and 58K keratins were present in suprabasal cells (spinous and granular), while 64K, 62K, 58.5K and 57.5K keratins were present only in stratum corneum. None of these keratins were found in cultured cells grown under regular conditions. Several morphological features of epidermal differentiation could be restored by the growth of PEC on collagen gels exposed to the atmosphere ("organotypic" culture) without influencing the keratin profile. Almost complete restoration of epidermal function was achieved after transplantation of PEC onto adult syngeneic mice. In this in vivo environment, well-structured epithelia developed which resembled interfollicular epidermis. Restoration of both typical ultrastructure and in vivo type keratin expression occurred within 2 or 3 weeks. Thus, although keratinocytes in primary culture differ considerably from those in vivo, they have not irreversibly lost the capacity for complete differentiation.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RL Dermatology
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0301-4681
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2019 02:23

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