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Cytokinin signalling inhibitory fields provide robustness to phyllotaxis [Letter]

Besnard, Fabrice, Refahi, Yassin, Morin, Valerie, Marteaux, Benjamin, Brunoud, Geraldine, Chambrier, Pierre, Rozier, Frederique, Mirabet, Vincent, Legrand, Jonathan, Laine, Stephanie, Thevenon, Emmanuel, Farcot, Etienne, Cellier, Coralie, Das, Pradeep, Bishopp, Anthony, Dumas, Renaud, Parcy, Francois, Helariutta, Ykä, Boudaoud, Arezki, Godin, Christophe, Traas, Jan, Guedon, Yann and Vernoux, Teva 2014. Cytokinin signalling inhibitory fields provide robustness to phyllotaxis [Letter]. Nature 505 (7483) , pp. 417-421. 10.1038/nature12791

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How biological systems generate reproducible patterns with high precision is a central question in science1. The shoot apical meristem (SAM), a specialized tissue producing plant aerial organs, is a developmental system of choice to address this question. Organs are periodically initiated at the SAM at specific spatial positions and this spatiotemporal pattern defines phyllotaxis. Accumulation of the plant hormone auxin triggers organ initiation2, 3, 4, 5, whereas auxin depletion around organs generates inhibitory fields that are thought to be sufficient to maintain these patterns and their dynamics4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13. Here we show that another type of hormone-based inhibitory fields, generated directly downstream of auxin by intercellular movement of the cytokinin signalling inhibitor ARABIDOPSIS HISTIDINE PHOSPHOTRANSFER PROTEIN 6 (AHP6)14, is involved in regulating phyllotactic patterns. We demonstrate that AHP6-based fields establish patterns of cytokinin signalling in the meristem that contribute to the robustness of phyllotaxis by imposing a temporal sequence on organ initiation. Our findings indicate that not one but two distinct hormone-based fields may be required for achieving temporal precision during formation of reiterative structures at the SAM, thus indicating an original mechanism for providing robustness to a dynamic developmental system.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Subjects: Q Science > QK Botany
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 0028-0836
Date of Acceptance: 17 October 2013
Last Modified: 18 Feb 2019 14:40

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