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Characterization of TSH antagonist activity in the serum of patients with thyroid disease

Hashim, F. A., Creagh, F. M., Hawrani, A., Parkes, A. B., Buckland, Paul Robert and Rees Smith, B. 1986. Characterization of TSH antagonist activity in the serum of patients with thyroid disease. Clinical Endocrinology 25 (3) , pp. 275-281. 10.1111/j.1365-2265.1986.tb01692.x

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Abstract

The ability of sera from patients with thyroid disease to block TSH stimulation of cyclic AMP release from isolated porcine thyroid cells has been assessed and the blocking activity characterized. TSH receptor binding activity was also measured. No blocking or receptor binding activity was detectable in patients with primary myxoedema (n= 23), Hashimoto's disease (n= 11), multinodular goitre (n= 6), or rheumatoid arthritis (n= 10). However, analysis of sera from 23 patients (out of an initial screen of 110 patients) with treated Graves' disease which did not stimulate cyclic AMP production in the bioassay showed that two of these sera contained powerful blocking and receptor binding activity. Both these patients had been treated with 131I, Analysis of the two sera by gel filtration on Sephadex G-200 indicated that blocking and TSH receptor binding activity were associated only with the IgG fraction. Digestion of the IgG with pepsin followed by reduction showed that both (Fab)2 and Fab fragments contained high levels of blocking and binding activity. Antibody divalency was not necessary therefore for TSH antagonist activity. However, our studies suggest that autoantibodies of this type with TSH antagonist activity do not occur frequently in patients from the Cardiff region with primary myxoedema, Hashimoto's or treated Graves' disease.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing
ISSN: 0300-0664
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2020 03:38
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/57735

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