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Does dispositional optimism predict psychological responses to counseling for familial breast cancer?

Norman, Paul and Brain, Katherine Emma 2007. Does dispositional optimism predict psychological responses to counseling for familial breast cancer? Journal of Psychosomatic Research 63 (3) , pp. 247-254. 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2007.03.011

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OBJECTIVE: The present study sought to assess the ability of dispositional optimism to predict the psychological responses of women with a family history of breast cancer who had been referred to counseling for familial breast cancer. METHODS: Women completed questionnaires prior to (n=735), immediately after (n=655), and 9 months after (n=545) attending counseling. Breast cancer risk status was assessed and communicated to the women in the clinics. RESULTS: Dispositional optimism was found to predict lower levels of anxiety and breast cancer worries immediately following counseling as well as lower levels of anxiety and perceived risk at 9-month follow-up, controlling for corresponding baseline scores. In addition, risk status moderated the optimism-perceived risk relationship, such that optimism was only predictive of lower risk perceptions among women at high risk. CONCLUSIONS: Low levels of dispositional optimism may be considered to be a risk factor for adverse reactions to high breast cancer risk information. The implications of the findings for the clinical management of such reactions are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adaptation,Psychological*,Adult,Anxiety/diagnosis,Anxiety/psychology,Breast Neoplasms/genetics*,Breast Neoplasms/psychology*,Female,Follow-Up Studies,Genetic Counseling/psychology*,Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics,Genetic Testing/psychology,Humans,Middle Aged,Patient Care Team,Questionnaires,Referral and Consultation,Risk Assessment,Temperament*,Wales
Additional Information: Publication Types Randomized Controlled Trial Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Full Text Sources Elsevier Science Clinical Key Other Literature Sources COS Scholar Universe Labome Researcher Resource - ExactAntigen/Labome Medical Breast Cancer - MedlinePlus Health Information Genetic Counseling - MedlinePlus Health Information
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0022-3999
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 06:17

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