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The relationship between reward and punishment sensitivity and antisocial behavior in male adolescents

Morgan, Joanne E., Bowen, Katharine Louise, Moore, Simon Christopher and Van Goozen, Stephanie Helena Maria 2014. The relationship between reward and punishment sensitivity and antisocial behavior in male adolescents. Personality and Individual Differences 63 , pp. 122-127. 10.1016/j.paid.2014.01.054

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Abstract

The study examined the relation between reward and punishment sensitivity and antisocial behavior (ASB) in male adolescents. We compared Behavioral Inhibition/Behavioral Activation System (BIS/BAS) Scale scores in adolescent male offenders (n = 85) and non-offenders (n = 50), and explored the relation between BIS/BAS and measures associated with ASB (psychopathy, conduct problems and alcohol use) within the whole group of adolescents, and offending frequency in the offenders. Between group analyses indicated heightened BAS (reward sensitivity; specifically the drive to seek rewards) and lowered BIS (punishment sensitivity) in the offenders compared to the non-offenders. Regression analyses indicated that traits associated with reward seeking (BAS Drive and/or Fun Seeking) positively predicted psychopathic traits, conduct problems and alcohol use. In contrast, response to reward (BAS Reward Responsiveness) was negatively associated with psychopathy and conduct problems. Reduced punishment sensitivity (BIS) was associated with psychopathy only. The findings suggest that BAS reward traits are useful in understanding ASB and emphasize the importance of examining dimensions of reward processing in relation to different aspects of ASB in adolescents.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Dentistry
Psychology
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
Uncontrolled Keywords: Antisocial behavior; Adolescent; Young offender; Psychopathy; Behavioral activation system; Behavioral inhibition system; Reward; Punishment
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0191-8869
Date of Acceptance: 21 January 2014
Last Modified: 16 Mar 2019 22:53
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/58103

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