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Karyotypically defined risk groups in acute myeloid leukaemia

Burnett, Alan Kenneth 1994. Karyotypically defined risk groups in acute myeloid leukaemia. Leukemia Research 18 (12) , pp. 889-890. 10.1016/0145-2126(94)90099-X

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We report our experience of treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with inv(16). Nineteen of 531 (3.6%) cases of newly diagnosed AML karyotyped over a 12 year period had inv(16)(p13q22) and none had t(16;16) or de116q. Morphologically, all patients had M4e o. All patients were treated with conventional anthracycline-Ara-C chemotherapy, followed by moderate or more intensive consolidation chemotherapy. All patients received central nervous system (CNS) prophylaxis with intrathecal methotrexate and Ara-C, and cranial irradiation. Eighteen patients (95%) achieved complete remission (CR). Three had a bone marrow relapse, one had a CNS relapse and 14 patients remained in first CR, 11 of them with a followup greater than 44 months. Disease-free survival was 74% after 10 months, and actuarial survival 88% after 4 years, and 62% after 6 years. No other AML subgroup, in our experience, had a long-term survival approaching that of AML with inv(16) (although similar favorable outcome may be anticipated in acute promyelocytic leukemia treated by a combination of retinoic acid and chemotherapy).

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0145-2126
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2017 04:41

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