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High activity redox catalysts synthesized by chemical vapor impregnation

Forde, Michael M., Kesavan, Lokesh, Izham bin Saiman, Mohd, He, Qian, Dimitratos, Nikolaos, Lopez-Sanchez, Jose Antonio, Jenkins, Robert Leyshon, Taylor, Stuart Hamilton, Kiely, Christopher and Hutchings, Graham John 2014. High activity redox catalysts synthesized by chemical vapor impregnation. ACS Nano 8 (1) , pp. 957-969. 10.1021/nn405757q

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Abstract

The use of precious metals in heterogeneous catalysis relies on the preparation of small nanoparticles that are stable under reaction conditions. To date, most conventional routes used to prepare noble metal nanoparticles have drawbacks related to surface contamination, particle agglomeration, and reproducibility restraints. We have prepared titania-supported palladium (Pd) and platinum (Pt) catalysts using a simplified vapor deposition technique termed chemical vapor impregnation (CVI) that can be performed in any standard chemical laboratory. These materials, composed of nanoparticles typically below 3 nm in size, show remarkable activity under mild conditions for oxidation and hydrogenation reactions of industrial importance. We demonstrate the preparation of bimetallic Pd–Pt homogeneous alloy nanoparticles by this new CVI method, which show synergistic effects in toluene oxidation. The versatility of our CVI methodology to be able to tailor the composition and morphology of supported nanoparticles in an easily accessible and scalable manner is further demonstrated by the synthesis of Pdshell–Aucore nanoparticles using CVI deposition of Pd onto preformed Au nanoparticles supported on titania (prepared by sol immobilization) in addition to the presence of monometallic Au and Pd nanoparticles.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Uncontrolled Keywords: catalysis; bimetallic nanoparticle; nanoalloy; gold; palladium; platinum; core−shell structures; hydrogenation; oxidation
Publisher: American Chemical Society
ISSN: 1936-0851
Last Modified: 18 Feb 2019 11:34
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/58738

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