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Increasing methylation of the calcitonin gene during disease progression in sequential samples from CML patients

Mills, K. I., Guinn, B. A., Walsh, V. A. and Burnett, Alan Kenneth 1996. Increasing methylation of the calcitonin gene during disease progression in sequential samples from CML patients. Leukemia Research 20 (9) , pp. 771-775. 10.1016/0145-2126(96)00045-8

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In chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML), disease progression from the initial chronic phase to the acute phase or blast crisis has previously been shown to be correlated with progressive increases in hyper-methylation of the calcitonin gene, located at chromosome 11p15. However, sequential studies of individual patients were not performed in these investigations. We have analysed 44 samples from nine patients with typical Philadelphia chromosome positive CML throughout their disease progression to determine the methylation state of the calcitonin gene at these time points. Densitometry was used to quantitate the ratio of the normal 2.0 kb Hpa II fragments, indicating normal methylation status of the gene, compared to the intensity of the abnormal, hyper-methylated, 2.6–3.1 kb Hpa II fragments. We found a gradual increase in the ratio of methylated:unmethylated calcitonin gene during chronic phase with a dramatic rise at blast crisis. Further, the ratio of the abnormal hypermethylated 3.1 kb fragments to the methylated 2.6 kb fragment resulted in the identification of a clonal expansion of abnormally methylated cells. This expansion of cells with hypermethylation of the calcitonin gene during chronic phase was shown to coincide with the presence of a mutation in the p53 gene. The data presented in this study would suggest that an increased methylation status of the calcitonin gene during disease progression may indicate the expansion of abnormal blast cell populations and subsequent progression to blast crisis.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
Uncontrolled Keywords: CML; calcitonin; methylation; disease progression
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0145-2126
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2017 04:42

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