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Histamine and a guanine nucleotide increase calcium permeability in pig aortic microsomal fractions

Blayney, Lynda Mary and Newby, A. C. 1990. Histamine and a guanine nucleotide increase calcium permeability in pig aortic microsomal fractions. Biochemical Journal 267 (1) , pp. 105-109.

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ATP-dependent Ca2+ accumulation was measured in pig aortic microsomal fractions containing plasmalemma and endoplasmic reticulum. In vesicles sonicated with histamine, to allow access to internally located receptor sites, guanosine 5'-[beta gamma-imido]triphosphate (p[NH]ppG), added to activate externally located guanine-nucleotide-transducing proteins, caused a concentration-dependent decrease in steady-state Ca2+ accumulation that was reversed by guanosine 5'-[beta-thio]diphosphate. In the presence of p[NH]ppG, sonication with histamine produced a concentration-dependent inhibition of Ca2+ accumulation that could be antagonized by the H1 antagonist mepyramine, but not by the H2 antagonist cimetidine. The inhibition of steady-state Ca2+ accumulation could have resulted from an inhibition of ATP-dependent Ca2+ uptake or a stimulation of Ca2+ release. We observed, however, that p[NH]ppG plus histamine stimulated, rather than inhibited, Ca2(+)-ATPase activity. We concluded that p[NH]ppG and histamine acted together to increase Ca2+ permeability. In support of this, p[NH]ppG accelerated efflux of Ca2+ from passively loaded vesicles sonicated with, but not without, histamine. The effect of p[NH]ppG was unlikely to be due to Ins(1,4,5)P3 (and hence release from endoplasmic-reticulum vesicles), since addition of Ins(1,4,5)P3 to vesicles sonicated with histamine did not alter steady-state Ca2+ accumulation. Our results therefore suggest that histamine and p[NH]ppG increased the permeability of the plasmalemma vesicles and may thus model the process of receptor-mediated Ca2+ entry into intact cells.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Biochemical Society
ISSN: 0264-6021
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2020 04:19

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