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Influence of ambient conditions on laminar burning velocity, ignition and flame extinction for ethanol air mixtures

De La Rosa Urbalejo, Daniel, Crayford, Andrew Philip, Bowen, Philip John and Valera Medina, Agustin 2012. Influence of ambient conditions on laminar burning velocity, ignition and flame extinction for ethanol air mixtures. Presented at: ASME Turbo Expo 2012, Copenhagen, Denmark, June 2012. Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2012: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition: Combustion, Fuels and Emissions, Parts A and B Copenhagen, Denmark, June 11–15, 2012. New York, N.Y.: ASME, pp. 273-283. 10.1115/GT2012-68399

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Abstract

Experimental studies of laminar ethanol - air gaseous flames have been undertaken in a large (34 l) cylindrical constant volume combustion bomb to investigate combustion fundamentals at varying ambient conditions. This vessel has been designed to minimise the influence of boundary walls, hence extending the quasi steady pressure region over which meaningful data may be obtained. Gaseous homogeneous mixtures are achieved by injecting liquid ethanol into the bomb which pre-vaporises prior to ignition. Initial pressure and equivalence ratio are predetermined using partial pressure methodology. Flame propagation is recorded utilising high-speed Schlieren photography, and low ignition energies were achieved via a variable discharge system enabling the sensitive early stages of flame propagation and extinction limits to be studied. Data is presented in terms of flame speed against stretch rate from which Markstein lengths and laminar burning velocities are derived for a variety of different initial conditions. The effect of ignition energy, initial pressure (from sub-atmospheric to elevated pressure) along with the effect of increasing initial temperature is studied. Results are discussed in terms of those of previous workers, and compared with predictions from detailed chemical kinetic schemes. Nonlinear trends witnessed during early stage flame propagation are further investigated as a suitable method for deriving extinction stretch rate.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Ocean Sciences
Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Publisher: ASME
ISBN: 9780791844687
Last Modified: 16 Jan 2019 21:52
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/59414

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