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The influence of evapotranspiration on vertical flow subsurface constructed wetland performance

Białowiec, Andrzej, Albuquerque, Antonio and Randerson, Peter Frederick 2014. The influence of evapotranspiration on vertical flow subsurface constructed wetland performance. Ecological Engineering 67 , pp. 89-94. 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2014.03.032

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Abstract

This paper presents an example of the importance of evapotranspiration in constructed wetlands, with vertical subsurface flow, comparing different methods of treatment efficiency calculations and discussing the influence of evapotranspiration on removal rates. The application of reed, marked by high transpiration ability, is a cheap and effective method of landfill leachate disposal. A 2-year study examined the effectiveness of leachate treatment in constructed wetlands with reed. Two kinds of vertical subsurface flow systems: first with sand, and second with combined two layers of sewage sludge and sand has been tested. 1, 3, and 5 mm d−1 hydraulic loading rates of landfill leachate have been applied. Daily evapotranspiration was in the range from 0.98 to 2.99 mm d−1 in the first year of research and from 2.56 to 4.61 mm d−1 in the second year. The influence of evapotranspiration rate on chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal rate was examined. Two methods of removal efficiency calculation have been used: first based on inlet and outlet COD concentrations, second on mass balance determination. Research showed that the removal efficiency calculated as a comparison between initial and final concentration is significantly lower, than expected from mass balance, especially, when higher hydraulic loading rates were applied.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0925-8574
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2019 11:16
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/59828

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