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Constraints on cosmic strings from the LIGO-Virgo gravitational-wave detectors

Aasi, J., Adams, Thomas, Edwards, Mark, Fairhurst, Stephen, Liu, Hao, MacDonald, Erin, MacLeod, Duncan M., Nuttall, Laura, Ohme, Frank, Predoi, Valeriu, Sathyaprakash, Bangalore Suryanarayana, Schutz, Bernard Frederick and Sutton, Patrick J. 2014. Constraints on cosmic strings from the LIGO-Virgo gravitational-wave detectors. Physical Review Letters 112 (13) , 131101. 10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.131101

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Abstract

Cosmic strings can give rise to a large variety of interesting astrophysical phenomena. Among them, powerful bursts of gravitational waves (GWs) produced by cusps are a promising observational signature. In this Letter we present a search for GWs from cosmic string cusps in data collected by the LIGO and Virgo gravitational wave detectors between 2005 and 2010, with over 625 days of live time. We find no evidence of GW signals from cosmic strings. From this result, we derive new constraints on cosmic string parameters, which complement and improve existing limits from previous searches for a stochastic background of GWs from cosmic microwave background measurements and pulsar timing data. In particular, if the size of loops is given by the gravitational backreaction scale, we place upper limits on the string tension Gμ below 10−8 in some regions of the cosmic string parameter space.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Additional Information: For a full list of contributing authors, please see the publisher's page at http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.131101
Publisher: American Physical Society
ISSN: 0031-9007
Funders: STFC
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2020 01:42
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/59954

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