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An amino acid polymorphism in von Willebrand factor correlates with increased susceptibility to proteolysis by ADAMTS13

Bowen, Derrick John and Collins, Peter William 2004. An amino acid polymorphism in von Willebrand factor correlates with increased susceptibility to proteolysis by ADAMTS13. Blood 103 (3) , pp. 941-947. 10.1182/blood-2003-05-1505

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The hypothesis that increased ADAMTS13 (a disintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin repeats) activity or increased susceptibility of von Willebrand factor (VWF) to proteolysis by ADAMTS13 may underlie type I von Willebrand disease (VWD) in some patients was investigated. Plasma from 4 patients with type I VWD was cryoprecipitated. ADAMTS13 activity in the VWF-poor cryodepleted fraction was assessed by incubation with purified VWF; susceptibility to proteolysis of the VWF in the VWF-rich cryoprecipitate was assessed by incubation with a normal, group O cryodepleted plasma. ADAMTS13 activity was similar in all 4 type I VWD cryodepleted plasmas and comparable to a normal control plasma. In contrast, the VWF of one patient showed increased susceptibility to proteolysis by ADAMTS13. Investigation of additional family members indicated that increased susceptibility was heritable, but it did not track uniquely with type I VWD. Sequence analysis of VWF exon 28 indicated that increased susceptibility to proteolysis tracked with the "G" allele of the A/G polymorphism at position 24/1282, encoding the amino acid polymorphism Tyr/Cys1584 ("G" = Cys1584). A prospective study of 200 individuals yielded 2 Tyr/Cys1584 heterozygotes; for both, plasma VWF showed increased susceptibility to proteolysis. The finding that an amino acid polymorphism in VWF may influence susceptibility to ADAMTS13 has potentially significant implications in diverse areas.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology
Publisher: American Society of Hematology
ISSN: 0006-4971
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 01:30

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