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Effects and after-effects of chewing gum on vigilance, heart rate, EEG and mood

Allen, Andrew Patrick, Jacob, Timothy John Claud and Smith, Andrew Paul 2014. Effects and after-effects of chewing gum on vigilance, heart rate, EEG and mood. Physiology & Behavior 133 , pp. 244-251. 10.1016/j.physbeh.2014.05.009

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Abstract

Research has shown that chewing gum improves attention, although the mechanism for this effect remains unclear. This study investigated the effects and after-effects of chewing gum on vigilance, mood, heart rate and EEG. Participants completed a vigilance task four times; at baseline, with or without chewing gum, and twice post-chewing. EEG alpha and beta power at left frontal and temporal lobes, subjective mood and heart rate were assessed. Chewing gum quickened reaction time and increased the rate of correct target detections, although correct detections fell during the second post-chewing task. Chewing gum heightened heart rate, but only during chewing. Gum also increased beta power at F7 and T3 immediately post-chewing, but not following the post-chewing tasks. The findings show that chewing gum affects several different indicators of alertness.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Biosciences
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Uncontrolled Keywords: Vigilance; Sustained attention; Chewing gum; Heart rate; EEG
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0031-9384
Date of Acceptance: 14 May 2014
Last Modified: 16 May 2019 23:14
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/60044

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