Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Effect of contrast, stimulus density, and viewing distance on multifocal steady-state visual evoked potentials (MSVs)

Abdullah, Siti Nadia Binti, Aldahlawi, Nada Hussein, Rosli, Yanti, Vaegan, ,, Boon, Mei Ying and Maddess, Ted 2012. Effect of contrast, stimulus density, and viewing distance on multifocal steady-state visual evoked potentials (MSVs). Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science 53 (9) , pp. 5527-5535. 10.1167/iovs.11-9325

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Purpose. We investigated the effects of image contrast, stimulus density, and viewing distance upon a multifocal steady-state visual evoked potential (MSV) method. Methods. Fourteen adults with normal vision (mean age = 27.0 ± 6.6 years; 6 males) participated in the study. Each of the stimulus regions of the multifocal ensembles presented a contrast modulated grating, displaying spatial and temporal frequencies that evoke the spatial frequency doubling illusion. All subjects were tested at five contrasts: 0.06, 0.11, 0.22, 0.45, and 0.89; viewed at 16, 32, and 128 cm. A multivariate linear model estimated factors for each stimulus region, recording channel, number of stimuli (9 or 17 regions), and sex; and covariates for contrast, and octaves of viewing distance, and age. Results. The responses per unit area for the 17-region display were significantly larger than for the 9-region display (P < 10−12). The contrast-response function could be described by a power law with exponent 0.068 (P < 0.008). The effect of viewing distance was small but significant: response amplitude dropped by −0.17 ± 0.03 dB per octave of viewing distance (P < 10−6), or 10% over 8 octaves. Conclusions. The response per unit area indicated that cortical folding diminishes responses to larger stimuli. Viewing distance did not greatly affect response amplitude. This suggested that we can use similar, but scaled, stimuli to study central and peripheral disease. The rapidly saturating contrast responses imply that there would be nothing lost from testing at contrasts as low as 20% given that higher, saturating contrasts might mask visual field defects.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Business (Including Economics)
Optometry and Vision Sciences
Subjects: R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Image contrast; Stimulus Density; Viewing Distance; MSV
Publisher: Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology
ISSN: 0146-0404
Funders: Australian Research Council, ARC Centre of Excellence in Vision Science, Government of Brunei Darussalam PhD Scholarship
Last Modified: 05 Nov 2019 03:40
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/60112

Citation Data

Cited 5 times in Google Scholar. View in Google Scholar

Cited 9 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item