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Personality characteristics in obsessive-compulsive disorder and individuals with subclinical obsessive-compulsive problems

Fullana, Miquel Àngel, Mataix-Cols, David, Trujillo, José Luis, Caseras, Xavier, Serrano, Francisco, Alonso, Pino, Menchón, Josep M., Vallejo, Julio and Torrubia, Rafael 2004. Personality characteristics in obsessive-compulsive disorder and individuals with subclinical obsessive-compulsive problems. British journal of clinical psychology 43 (4) , pp. 387-398. 10.1348/0144665042388937

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Abstract

Objective: To assess the relationship between normal personality traits and obsessive-compulsive (OC) phenomena in individuals with subclinical OC problems and patients whose problems met diagnostic criteria for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Method: In Study 1, 25 healthy volunteers with high scores on the Padua Inventory (PI) and 28 controls with low scores on the PI were compared on the Sensitivity to Punishment and Sensitivity to Reward Questionnaire (SPSRQ), the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ), and measures of depression and state anxiety. In Study 2, 56 treatment-seeking participants meeting DSM-IV criteria for OCD and 40 healthy volunteers of similar sociodemographic characteristics were compared on the same measures. Results: Both individuals with subclinical OC problems and OCD patients scored significantly higher than their respective control groups on sensitivity to punishment, neuroticism and psychoticism. OCD patients, but not individuals with subclinical OC problems, scored lower in extraversion than their respective controls. Neuroticism was the strongest predictor of high scores on the PI in Study 1, while psychoticism was the strongest predictor of the presence of an OCD diagnosis in Study 2. Conclusion: Healthy participants with high scores on OC measures and OCD patients share various personality traits but can also be distinguished according to the level of extraversion, neuroticism and psychoticism.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: British Psychological Society
ISSN: 0144-6657
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 06:27
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/60288

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