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High momentum flow region and central recirculation zone interaction in swirling flows

Vigueras Zuniga, Marco Osvaldo, Valera Medina, Agustin, Syred, Nicholas and Bowen, Philip John 2014. High momentum flow region and central recirculation zone interaction in swirling flows. Ingnieria Mecanica Tecnologia y Desarollo 4 (6) , pp. 195-204.

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Abstract

‘Fuel-flexible’ gas turbines will be required over the next 20 years at least. However, this contrasts with recent experiences of global operators who report increasing emissions and difficult combustion dynamics with even moderate variations in the fuel supply. Swirl stabilized combustion, being the most widely spread technology to control combustion in gas turbines, will be a technology needed for dynamic stabilization of the flow field. However, the features of the recirculation zone are highly complex, three dimensional and time dependent, depending on a variety of parameters. A high momentum flow region inherent to swirling flows has attracted the attention of several groups interested in blowoff and stretch flame phenomena. Therefore, this study focuses on experimental results obtained to characterise the relation between the central recirculation zone and the high momentum flow region under moderate swirl levels using a well-studied tangential swirl burner for power generation applications. As to be expected the recirculation zone and the high momentum flow region rotate together about the central axis. Moreover, the interaction between them produces high, intense local velocities. This region of High Momentum (shearing flow) also presents a complex geometry that seems to be based on the geometrical features of the burner, different to previous findings on the burner where the system was thought to have a unique shearing flow region. The high three dimensional interaction of these structure is confirmed at the point where the precessing vortex core losses its strength.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Swirling flows; Central Recirculation Zone (CRZ); High Momentum Flow Region (HMFR).
Publisher: Sociedad Mexicana de Ingeniería Mecánica
ISSN: 1665-7381
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 21 January 2019
Date of Acceptance: 25 December 2013
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2019 09:57
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/60540

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