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Evaluation of new in vitro efficacy test for antimicrobial surface activity reflecting UK hospital conditions

Ojeil, Michelle Joyce, Jermann, C., Holah, J., Denyer, Stephen Paul and Maillard, Jean-Yves 2013. Evaluation of new in vitro efficacy test for antimicrobial surface activity reflecting UK hospital conditions. Journal of Hospital Infection 85 (4) , pp. 274-281. 10.1016/j.jhin.2013.08.007

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Abstract

Background Antimicrobial surfaces aim to reduce microbial bioburden and improve hygiene. The current antimicrobial surface efficacy test (ISO22196) is an initial screening test but its conditions, high temperature (37 °C) and relative humidity (RH) (100%) bear little relationship to in-use conditions. Aim To develop an antimicrobial surface efficacy test providing a realistic second-tier test, simulating in-use conditions. Methods Surface relative humidity, temperature and soiling were measured over one year at a UK hospital, enabling realistic parameters to be set for our surface efficacy test. A nebulizer, connected to a cascade impactor, aerosolized and uniformly deposited a Staphylococcus aureus suspension over test copper alloys and control stainless steel surfaces. Bacteria were enumerated following nebulization, and after a range of contact times, under [20 °C, 50% RH] and [20 °C, 40% RH] parameters reflecting in-use conditions; [37 °C, 100% RH] was employed to reflect conditions used in ISO22196. Findings All copper alloys produced a >4 log10 reduction after 24 h under all conditions tested. Copper alloys were more effective at [37 °C, 100% RH] showing a >4 log10 reduction after 30 min than at in-use conditions [20 °C, 50% RH and 20 °C, 40% RH], for which 60 min was required to achieve the same level of kill, for most but not all alloys. Conclusion The use of the nebulizer to deposit bacterial inocula on surfaces showed little variability in results. Our method was more discriminatory than the ISO22196 enabling distinction between the bactericidal surface activity, which allows for a more rigorous selection of antimicrobial surfaces for potential use in healthcare settings.

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Schools: Pharmacy
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Uncontrolled Keywords: Antimicrobial surfaces; copper; microbial aerosols; relative humidity; temperature.
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0195-6701
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 06:28
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/60664

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