Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Measurement of GABA using J-difference edited1H-MRS following modulation of synaptic GABA concentration with tiagabine

Myers, James F. M., Evans, Christopher John, Kalk, Nicola J., Edden, Richard A. E. and Lingford-Hughes, Anne R. 2014. Measurement of GABA using J-difference edited1H-MRS following modulation of synaptic GABA concentration with tiagabine. Synapse 68 (8) , pp. 355-362. 10.1002/syn.21747

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Though GABA is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain, involved in a wide variety of brain functions and many neuropsychiatric disorders, its intracellular and metabolic presence provides uncertainty in the interpretation of the GABA signal measured by 1H-MRS. Previous studies demonstrating the sensitivity of this technique to pharmacological manipulations of GABA have used nonspecific challenges that make it difficult to infer the exact source of the changes. In this study, the synaptic GABA reuptake inhibitor tiagabine, which selectively blocks GAT1, was used to test the sensitivity of J-difference edited 1H-MRS to changes in extracellular GABA concentrations. MEGA-PRESS was used to obtain GABA-edited spectra in 10 male individuals, before and after a 15-mg oral dose of tiagabine. In the three voxels measured, no significant changes were found in GABA+ concentration after the challenge compared to baseline. This dose of tiagabine is known to modulate synaptic GABA and neurotransmission through studies using other imaging modalities, and significant increases in self-reported sleepiness scales were observed. Therefore, it is concluded that recompartmentalization of GABA through transport block does not have a significant impact on total GABA concentration. Furthermore, it is likely that the majority of the magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS)-derived GABA signal is intracellular. It should be considered, in individual interpretation of GABA MRS studies, whether it is appropriate to attribute observed effects to changes in neurotransmission.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Cardiff University Brain Research Imaging Centre (CUBRIC)
Psychology
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 0887-4476
Date of Acceptance: 17 April 2014
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2018 13:42
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/61015

Citation Data

Cited 17 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item