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Cerebral blood flow response to acute hypoxic hypoxia

Harris, Ashley D., Murphy, Kevin, Diaz, Claris, Saxena, Neeraj, Hall, Judith Elizabeth, Liu, Thomas T. and Wise, Richard Geoffrey 2013. Cerebral blood flow response to acute hypoxic hypoxia. NMR in Biomedicine 26 (12) , pp. 1844-1852. 10.1002/nbm.3026

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Abstract

Hypoxic hypoxia (inspiratory hypoxia) stimulates an increase in cerebral blood flow (CBF) maintaining oxygen delivery to the brain. However, this response, particularly at the tissue level, is not well characterised. This study quantifies the CBF response to acute hypoxic hypoxia in healthy subjects. A 20-min hypoxic (mean PETo2 = 52 mmHg) challenge was induced and controlled by dynamic end-tidal forcing whilst CBF was measured using pulsed arterial spin labelling perfusion MRI. The rate constant, temporal delay and magnitude of the CBF response were characterised using an exponential model for whole-brain and regional grey matter. Grey matter CBF increased from 76.1 mL/100 g/min (95% confidence interval (CI) of fitting: 75.5 mL/100 g/min, 76.7 mL/100 g/min) to 87.8 mL/100 g/min (95% CI: 86.7 mL/100 g/min, 89.6 mL/100 g/min) during hypoxia, and the temporal delay and rate constant for the response to hypoxia were 185 s (95% CI: 132 s, 230 s) and 0.0035 s–1 (95% CI: 0.0019 s–1, 0.0046 s–1), respectively. Recovery from hypoxia was faster with a delay of 20 s (95% CI: –38 s, 38 s) and a rate constant of 0.0069 s–1 (95% CI: 0.0020 s–1, 0.0103 s–1). R2*, an index of blood oxygenation obtained simultaneously with the CBF measurement, increased from 30.33 s–1 (CI: 30.31 s–1, 30.34 s–1) to 31.48 s–1 (CI: 31.47 s–1, 31.49 s–1) with hypoxia. The delay and rate constant for changes in R2* were 24 s (95% CI: 21 s, 26 s) and 0.0392 s–1 (95% CI: 0.0333 s–1, 0.045 s–1 ), respectively, for the hypoxic response, and 12 s (95% CI: 10 s, 13 s) and 0.0921 s–1 (95% CI: 0.0744 s–1, 0.1098 s–1/) during the return to normoxia, confirming rapid changes in blood oxygenation with the end-tidal forcing system. CBF and R2* reactivity to hypoxia differed between subjects, but only R2* reactivity to hypoxia differed significantly between brain regions.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Cardiff University Brain Research Imaging Centre (CUBRIC)
Medicine
Psychology
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 0952-3480
Funders: Wellcome Trust
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Date of Acceptance: 19 August 2013
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2017 11:00
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/61194

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