Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Strong evidence that KIAA0319 on chromosome 6p is a susceptibility gene for developmental dyslexia

Cope, Natalie Alexandra, Harold, Denise, Hill, Gary Trevor, Escott-Price, Valentina, Stevenson, Jim, Holmans, Peter Alan, Owen, Michael John, O’Donovan, Michael Conlon and Williams, Julie 2005. Strong evidence that KIAA0319 on chromosome 6p is a susceptibility gene for developmental dyslexia. American Journal of Human Genetics 76 (4) , pp. 581-591. 10.1086/429131

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Linkage between developmental dyslexia (DD) and chromosome 6p has been replicated in a number of independent samples. Recent attempts to identify the gene responsible for the linkage have produced inconsistent evidence for association of DD with a number of genes in a 575-kb region of chromosome 6p22.2, including VMP, DCDC2, KIAA0319, TTRAP, and THEM2. We aimed to identify the specific gene or genes involved by performing a systematic, high-density (2–3-kb intervals) linkage disequilibrium screen of these genes in an independent sample, incorporating family-based and case-control designs in which dyslexia was defined as an extreme representation of reading disability. Using DNA pooling, we first observed evidence for association with 17 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), 13 of which were located in the KIAA0319 gene (P<.01–.003). After redundant SNPs were excluded, 10 SNPs were individually genotyped in 223 subjects with DD and 273 controls. Those SNPs that were significant at P?.05 were next genotyped in a semi-independent sample of 143 trios of probands with DD and their parents, to control for possible population stratification. Six SNPs showed significant evidence of association in both samples (P?.04–.002), including a SNP (rs4504469) in exon 4 of the KIAA0319 gene that changes an amino acid (P=.002; odds ratio 1.5). Logistic regression analysis showed that two SNPs (rs4504469 and rs6935076) in the KIAA0319 gene best explained DD status. The haplotype composed of these two markers was significantly associated with DD (global P=.00001 in the case-control sample; P=.02 in trios). This finding was largely driven by underrepresentation of the most common haplotype in cases (P=.00003 in the case-control sample; P=.006 in trios; 1–degree-of-freedom tests). Our data strongly implicate KIAA0319 as a susceptibility gene for dyslexia. The gene product is expressed in brain, but its specific function is currently unknown.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Medicine
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Additional Information: Erratum In the April 2005 issue of the Journal, in the article entitled “Strong Evidence That KIAA0319 on Chromosome 6p Is a Susceptibility Gene for Developmental Dyslexia,” by Cope et al. (76:581–591), the authors incorrectly cited the study of Chapman and colleagues (Am J Med Genet B 131:67–75) as supporting evidence of linkage between components of reading disability and chromosomes 2p, 6p, and 18p but not 15q. The converse of each of these claims is correct; that is, the study of Chapman and colleagues did not support evidence of linkage to 2p, 6p, and 18p but did support linkage to 15q. The authors apologize for this error, which was brought to their attention by the authors of that study.
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1537-6605
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2019 21:47
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/616

Citation Data

Cited 267 times in Google Scholar. View in Google Scholar

Cited 235 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item