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Mtx toxins synergize bacillus sphaericus and cry11Aa against susceptible and insecticide-resistant culex quinquefasciatus larvae

Wirth, M. C., Yang, Yangkun, Walton, W. E., Federici, B. A. and Berry, Colin 2007. Mtx toxins synergize bacillus sphaericus and cry11Aa against susceptible and insecticide-resistant culex quinquefasciatus larvae. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 73 (19) , pp. 6066-6071. 10.1128/AEM.00654-07

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Abstract

Two mosquitocidal toxins (Mtx) of Bacillus sphaericus, which are produced during vegetative growth, were investigated for their potential to increase toxicity and reduce the expression of insecticide resistance through their interactions with other mosquitocidal proteins. Mtx-1 and Mtx-2 were fused with glutathione S-transferase and produced in Escherichia coli, after which lyophilized powders of these fusions were assayed against Culex quinquefasciatus larvae. Both Mtx proteins showed a high level of activity against susceptible C. quinquefasciatus mosquitoes, with 50% lethal concentrations (LC50) of Mtx-1 and Mtx-2 of 0.246 and 4.13 μg/ml, respectively. The LC50s were 0.406 to 0.430 μg/ml when Mtx-1 or Mtx-2 was mixed with B. sphaericus, and synergy improved activity and reduced resistance levels. When the proteins were combined with a recombinant Bacillus thuringiensis strain that produces Cry11Aa, the mixtures were highly active against Cry11A-resistant larvae and resistance was also reduced. The mixture of two Mtx toxins and B. sphaericus was 10 times more active against susceptible mosquitoes than B. sphaericus alone, demonstrating the influence of relatively low concentrations of these toxins. These results show that, similar to Cyt toxins from B. thuringiensis subsp. israelensis, Mtx toxins can increase the toxicity of other mosquitocidal proteins and may be useful for both increasing the activity of commercial bacterial larvicides and managing potential resistance to these substances among mosquito populations.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
ISSN: 0099-2240
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 06:35
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/62576

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