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Nitrosative stress induced cytotoxicity in Giardia intestinalis

Lloyd, David, Harris, J. C., Maroulis, S., Mitchell, A., Hughes, M. N., Wadley, R. B. and Edwards, M. R. 2003. Nitrosative stress induced cytotoxicity in Giardia intestinalis. Journal of Applied Microbiology 95 (3) , pp. 576-583. 10.1046/j.1365-2672.2003.02008.x

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Aims: To investigate the antigiardial properties of the nitrosating agents: sodium nitrite, sodium nitroprusside and Roussin's black salt. Methods and Results: Use of confocal laser scanning microscopy and flow cytometry indicated permeabilization of the plasma membrane to the anionic fluorophore, DiBAC4(3) [bis(1,3-dibutylbarbituric acid) trimethine oxonol]. Loss of plasma membrane electrochemical potential was accompanied by loss of regulated cellular volume control. Changes in ultrastructure revealed by electron microscopy and capacity for oxygen consumption, were also consequences of nitrosative stress. Roussin's black salt (RBS), active at micromolar concentrations was the most potent of the three agents tested. Conclusions: These multitargeted cytotoxic agents affected plasma membrane functions, inhibited cellular functions in Giardia intestinalis and led to loss of viability. Significance and Impact of the Study: Nitrosative damage, as an antigiardial strategy, may have implications for development of chemotherapy along with suggesting natural host defence mechanisms.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Uncontrolled Keywords: flow cytometry; nitric oxide; nitrite; nitroprusside; nitrosonium cations; plasma membrane potential
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 1364-5072
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 06:36

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