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Membrane inlet mass spectrometric measurement of O2 and CO2 gradients in cultures of Lactobacillus paracasei and a developing Cheddar cheese ecosystem

Tammam, J. D., Williams, A.G., Banks, J., Cowie, G. and Lloyd, David 2001. Membrane inlet mass spectrometric measurement of O2 and CO2 gradients in cultures of Lactobacillus paracasei and a developing Cheddar cheese ecosystem. International Journal of Food Microbiology 65 (1-2) , pp. 11-22. 10.1016/S0168-1605(00)00438-4

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Abstract

Membrane inlet mass spectrometry was used to measure O2 and CO2 as depth profiles in stab cultures of 0.1% agar Man Rogosa Sharpe medium inoculated with Lactobacillus paracasei CI3. Diffusion of CO2 from the central column of growth into the medium was observed to show lower concentrations where bacteria were absent. CO2 profiles developed in a manner similar to those in Cheddar cheese and O2 was undetectable at similar depths. Gases were analysed in Cheddar cheese over a maturation period of 200 d. O2 was detectable to depths of 13, 6 and 2.5 mm on days 2, 9 and 15, respectively, but then became undetectable at depths of 2.5–3 mm. CO2 concentrations measured within the cheese increased 10-fold from day 2 to day 200 to reach a value of around 15 mM. The progress of measured CO2 concentration over time at a given depth in cheese shows a hyperbolic type increase. Coefficient of regression values increase with depth to a maximum value of R2=0.93. In both systems, reductions and increases in CO2 were due to the absence or presence of bacterial growth, respectively. Confocal scanning laser and scanning electron microscopy was used to show spatial heterogeneity of microcolonies within the cheese ecosystem. This information can potentially be used as a non-sensory evaluation of cheese maturity status. Measurement of gases in a cheese ecosystem provides the first description of mass spectrometry being used to monitor the processes of microbial gaseous exchange with respect to O2 and CO2 in a cheese ecosystem.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Uncontrolled Keywords: CO2; O2; Lactobacillus; Cheese; Mass spectrometry; Microcolonies
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0168-1605
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 06:36
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/62704

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