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GABAergic neurons from mouse embryonic stem cells possess functional properties of striatal neurons in vitro, and develop into striatal neurons in vivo in a mouse model of huntington's disease

Shin, Eunju, Palmer, Mary J., Li, Meng and Fricker, Rosemary A. 2012. GABAergic neurons from mouse embryonic stem cells possess functional properties of striatal neurons in vitro, and develop into striatal neurons in vivo in a mouse model of huntington's disease. Stem Cell Reviews 8 (2) , pp. 513-531. 10.1007/s12015-011-9290-2

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Abstract

Huntington’s disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative disease where GABAergic medium spiny neurons (MSNs) in the striatum degenerate. Embryonic stem cell-derived neural transplantation may provide an appropriate therapy for HD. Here we aimed to develop a suitable protocol to obtain a high percentage of functional GABAergic neurons from mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs), and then tested their differentiation potential in vivo. The monolayer method was compared with the embryoid body and five stage method for its efficiency in generating GABAergic neurons from mESCs. All three methods yielded a similar percentage of GABAergic neurons from mESCs. Monolayer method-derived GABAergic neurons expressed the MSN marker dopamine- and cyclic AMP-regulated phosphoprotein (DARPP32). The pluripotent stem cell population could be eliminated in vitro by treating cells with puromycin and retinoic acid. Using patch-clamp recordings, the functional properties of GABAergic neurons derived from mESCs were compared to GABAergic neurons derived from primary lateral ganglionic eminence. Both types of neurons showed active membrane properties (voltage-gated Na+ and K+ currents, Na+-dependent action potentials, and spontaneous postsynaptic currents) and possessed functional glutamatergic receptors and transporters. mESC-derived neural progenitors were transplanted into a mouse model of HD. Grafted cells differentiated to mature neurons expressing glutamate decarboxylase, dopamine type 1 receptors, and DARPP32. Also, neural precursors and dividing populations were found in the grafts. In summary, mESCs are able to differentiate efficiently into functional GABAergic neurons using defined in vitro conditions, and these survive and differentiate following grafting to a mouse model of HD.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Medicine
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Embryonic stem cell; Neuronal differentiation; Medium spiny neurons; DARPP-32; Electrophysiology; Action potential; Glutamate receptors; Transplantation; Quinolinic acid lesion; Mouse.
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 1550-8943
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 06:38
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/63080

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