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WOX5 suppresses CYCLIN D activity to establish quiescence at the center of the root stem cell niche

Forzani, Celine, Aichinger, Ernst, Sornay, Emily, Willemsen, Viola, Laux, Thomas, Dewitte, Walter and Murray, James Augustus Henry 2014. WOX5 suppresses CYCLIN D activity to establish quiescence at the center of the root stem cell niche. Current Biology 24 (16) , pp. 1939-1944. 10.1016/j.cub.2014.07.019

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Abstract

In Arabidopsis, stem cells maintain the provision of new cells for root growth. They surround a group of slowly dividing cells named the quiescent center (QC), and, together, they form the stem cell niche (SCN). The QC acts as the signaling center of the SCN, repressing differentiation of the surrounding stem cells [ 1] and providing a pool of cells able to replace damaged stem cells [ 2 and 3]. Maintenance of the stem cells depends on the transcription factor WUSCHEL-RELATED HOMEOBOX 5 (WOX5), which is specifically expressed in the QC [ 4]. However, the molecular mechanisms by which WOX5 promotes stem cell fate and whether WOX5 regulates proliferation of the QC are unknown. Here, we reveal a new role for WOX5 in restraining cell division in the cells of the QC, thereby establishing quiescence. In contrast, WOX5 and CYCD3;3/CYCD1;1 both promote cell proliferation in the nascent columella. The additional QC divisions occurring in wox5 mutants are suppressed in mutant combinations with the D type cyclins CYCD3;3 and CYCD1;1. Moreover, ectopic expression of CYCD3;3 in the QC is sufficient to induce cell division in the QC. WOX5 thus suppresses QC divisions that are otherwise promoted by CYCD3;3 and CYCD1;1, in part by interacting with the CYCD3;3 promoter to repress CYCD3;3 expression in the QC. Therefore, we propose a specific role for WOX5 in initiating and maintaining quiescence of the QC by excluding CYCD activity from the QC.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0960-9822
Funders: BBSRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Date of Acceptance: 8 July 2014
Last Modified: 17 May 2019 22:06
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/63597

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